Before departing for his first trip to Baghdad as US Defense Secretary, James Mattis told reporters, “We’re not in Iraq to seize anybody’s oil.”
His comments appeared to be a departure from President Donald Trump, who has made controversial comments about Iraq and its oil.
A day after his inauguration, Trump said about Iraq: “We should have kept the oil. Maybe we’ll have another chance.” He repeated the comments a few days later in an interview with ABC’s David Muir: “We should have taken the oil. You wouldn’t have ISIS if we took the oil.”
Trump has said the US has spent trillions of dollars fighting ISIS but that could have been avoided if the Americans had just taken the terrorists’ oil supply. Critics have said taking Iraq’s oil would have amounted to stealing from civilians and thus been a war crime and a violation of international law.
On Monday, Mattis offered a different perspective from the president.
“All of us in America have generally paid for our gas and oil all along, and I’m sure that we will continue to do so in the future. We’re not in Iraq to seize anyone’s oil,” said Mattis, a retired four-star general.
War on ISIS
Mattis told reporters in Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates, that he was heading to Baghdad “because I need to get current on the situation there, the political situation, the enemy situation and the friendly situation.” The trip had not previously been announced.
Mattis said he want to speak with the Iraqi political leadership and US’ partners: “We’re going to make certain we’ve got good shared situational awareness of what we face as we work together, fight alongside each other to destroy ISIS. That’s the point about going in there.”
On Sunday, Iraq launched a new offensive to regain control of western Mosul from ISIS. The operation comes weeks after Iraqi forces recaptured eastern Mosul across the Tigris River.
Since October, a coalition of Iraqi-led forces have pushed to end ISIS’ brutal rule in the country’s second-largest city. The US-led coalition has played a supporting role with advisers and assistance with airstrikes.
Mattis met with US and coalition leaders from Australia, Canada, and the UK after arriving in Baghdad.
Mattis and other US senior leaders are under a deadline to come up with a plan to defeat ISIS. On January 28, Trump signed an executive order calling for the defense secretary to submit a draft of a new plan against ISIS within 30 days.
Effects on Iraqi immigrants
Mattis was also asked about the possibility the Trump administration would sign a new executive order on immigration.
“I have not seen the new executive order, but I, right now, am assured that we will take steps to allow those who have fought alongside us, for example, to be allowed into the United States,” he said.
“They will have been vetted obviously by their performance on the battlefield beside us and by the normal procedures, and I’m sure we will work our way through this quickly.”
Trump’s executive order blocks travelers from seven Muslim-majority countries, including Iraq, from entering the US for 90 days and stopped refugees from coming in for four months. Within a week of being signed, a federal judge halted it; an appeals court panel has affirmed the decision.
The order affected men and women who applied for asylum in the US after helping American forces in Iraq as translators and contractors. Some US veterans who worked alongside those would-be immigrants condemned that effect of the order.