Police and paramedics responded to the residence hall near the main campus at 4:07 a.m. The victim, who has not been identified pending notification of his family, was shot during a fight with the university officer, police said. It was unclear if the student was armed.
Police said that the shooting was an isolated incident and that the campus was open.
Lt. David Gearhart said police would release more details later Tuesday.
Liberty, the largest Christian university in the world, according to its website, was founded the late Jerry Falwell Sr. in 1971.