Upgrading 158 from a highway to an expressway is part of the Comprehensive Transportation Plan and would link Interstate 95 with the Outer Banks.
Several of the proposed routes for the new 158 take the expressway north of Elizabeth City, through Camden County, bypassing the current meandering route altogether.
Pasquotank County Commissioner Jeff Dixon is worried about the impact an expressway that avoids Elizabeth City would have.
"My fear is that they get on 158 and it no longer comes through Elizabeth City - they might not even know Elizabeth City exists," Dixon commented.
He says an expressway that skips Elizabeth City could be detrimental to local businesses.
"I'm just concerned that this will bypass a lot of traffic that would eat in our restaurants, buy gas, and such," Dixon explained.
Kathy Munden owns Shay Leslie Botique on Main Street in Elizabeth City, but she also lives on the Outer Banks and knows how badly a new road is needed.
"It's bumper to bumper for hours. People are making trips for 8 to 10 hours and they are just in their cars sitting still," Munden said.
Munden says right now, many of her customers are from a local base and she says even with a new expressway, it would be possible that tourists would still visit Elizabeth City.
"You also have people who are at the beach and want to take a day trip off the beach and will come back to Elizabeth City," Munden commented.
Currently, the routes for a new 158 are only proposals and are part of a construction wishlist.
If any action is taken, construction would still be decades away.